What is “Integrity Plan”?
Fighting against corruption is one of the greatest challenges of modern society. Corruption can be prevented by applying preventive and repressive measures. Prevention is to keep from emergence of corruption, and repressive measures are applied after emergence of corruption and manifestation of its consequences.
One of ways to reduce corruption is to discover and eliminate causes, or risks for emergence and development of corruption, and not only corruption as an act of giving and receiving bribe, but all ethically and professionally unacceptable practices.
The Integrity Plan is a corruption preventive measure. The Integrity Plan is a document which is produced as a result of self-assessment of exposure of the institution to risks for emergence and development of corruption, and exposure to ethically and professionally unacceptable practices. The aim of developing Integrity Plans is to strengthen integrity of the institution, which includes personal honesty, professionalism, ethics, institutional wholeness and coherence, as well as how to act in accordance with moral values. Strengthening integrity of the institution results in reduction of risks to discharge public function contrary to the purpose for which they were established, which contributes to improving the quality of the institution and thus increasing public trust in its work.
Aim and importance of developing Integrity Plan
The aim of the Integrity Plan is to ensure efficient and effective functioning of institutions in the public and private sector. This can be achieved through the following procedures: simplifying complex procedures, control of discretionary powers, strengthening accountability, increasing transparency, professionalism, ethics, as well as through education, establishing standards, introducing of an effective system of internal control and eliminate inefficient practices and inapplicable regulations.
The aim of the Integrity Plan is not to address individual cases of corruption, but to establish mechanisms to prevent and eliminate conditions for the emergence of corruption, unethical and unprofessional practices in all areas of functioning of the institution. A particular aim of the Integrity Plan is to raise awareness of officials and employees on the hazards of corruption in order to achieve „zero tolerance to corruption“. Developing the Integrity Plan the institution performs an assessment of quality of regulations, personnel and processes in practice all areas of its functioning (management of the institution, personnel, public procurements, data …).
An important feature of the Integrity Plan is to allow employees of the institution to participate in its development and implementation, given that employees are most familiar with the functioning of the institution where they work. With their knowledge and experience they can best identify and assess risks for emergence of corruption and other irregularities and propose appropriate measures and activities to reduce or eliminate them.
What institutions are obliged to adopt Integrity Plan?
Following institutions are obliged to adopt Integrity Plans:
state authorities and organizations
territorial autonomous and local self-government authorities
public services (institutions of culture, education, science, physical education, pupil and student standard, health protection, social protection, social child welfare, social insurance, animal health protection)
Other legal entities may adopt Integrity Plans compliant with the Guidelines for the development and implementation of Integrity Plan.
The Agency performs assessment of integrity and proposes recommendations for the improvement of these legal entities and public enterprises at their expense.
Monitoring and Control
The Anti Corruption Agency follows and monitors the implementation of Integrity Plans in institutions, by means of direct control in institutions, and through submission of reports to the Agency.
The monitoring includes:
whether the Integrity Plan is being developed or was developed in keeping with the Anti Corruption Agency Act and these Guidelines,
quality and impartiality of the Integrity Plan adopted, and
level of implementation of the measures and activities defined in the Plan for improving integrity.
A report is made on monitoring performed, containing recommendations.